An infection that affects the mastoid bone, located behind the ear.
Mastoiditis is usually caused by a middle ear infection. This infection can result in damage to the mastoid bone and the formation of pus-filled cysts.
It develops due to the inflammation or infection of the air cells in the mastoid bone as a consequence of untreated or unresolved middle ear infection called otitis media. This infection occurs more often in children than in adults
Usually, patients suffering from mastoiditis recover quickly when diagnosed and treated properly by ENT specialists. However, if the infection spreads outside the mastoid bone, it can result in serious consequences including permanent hearing loss, damage of facial nerve/facial paralysis, meningitis, bone infection (osteomyelitis), inflammation of the inner ear nerves (labyrinthitis), brain abscess and formation of blood clots (thrombosis).
Mastoiditis can be diagnosed by physical examination of the ear using an otoscope and culture of ear discharge, blood tests, CT scan/X-Ray/MRI and audiometric tests.
Symptoms of Mastoiditis
Treatment of Mastoiditis
Resolving Mastoiditis involves ear infection treatment with antibiotics, ear drops and periodic ear cleaning. It is a serious condition which cannot be resolved completely only at home. In some acute cases, antibiotics need to be dispensed through Intra Venous (IV) drips in a hospital. For chronic infection, surgery may be recommended for
It is important to do regular follow-up appointments with the doctor in Mastoiditis treatment to rule out hearing problems and other serious medical conditions.
Some of the other home remedies that provide relief from pain and other symptoms of Mastoiditis include –
Prevention of Mastoiditis
It is possible to prevent the occurrence of Mastoiditis by avoiding ear infections and treating periodic or recurring ear infections (especially in the middle ear) with antibiotics. Ways to prevent infection of the ears are
We have renowned ENT doctors in Kenya who can treat Mastoiditis successfully to avoid further health impediments. For more information regarding such ear infections and hearing loss treatment, please call us 0722279159 or visit us at KMA center Nairobi 3rd floor room 311.